Индикатор rsi (Relative Strength Index)

В 1978 году бывший инженер-механик, а в последствии знаменитый экономист Уэллс Уайлдер выпустил книгу, в которой опубликовал свои труды по техническому анализу. Среди прочих статей, особое внимание привлекла глава, посвященная новому индикатору, названному индексом относительной силы (Relative Strength Index). Вообще, автор книги является ярким примером того, как обычный работяга, недовольный своей зарплатой, подался в изучение финансовых рынков, и преуспел в новом деле. И именно этот факт подогрел интерес к его трудам.

Итак, что же из себя представляет индикатор RSI? Если мы откроем живой график, и в списке индикаторов выберем Relative Strength Index, то увидим новое окошко, открывшееся снизу основного графика. В этом окошке будет проведена линия, показывающая силу и амплитуду текущего состояния цены.

RSI

Как мы видим, линия индикатора большую часть времени находится в диапазоне от 30 до 70, изредка выходя за эти пределы. Учтите, чем выше поднимется линия, и чем она будет ближе к максимальному значению, тем слабее будет цена, и тем больше шанс, что в ближайшее время она сменит свое направление. И наоборот — если линия подходит к нулевому значению, значит шансы того, что она развернется и пойдет вверх увеличиваются.

Формула индикатора:

формула RSI

Формулу вам знать вовсе не обязательно, так как компьютер сам проводит все необходимые расчеты, но для ознакомления я ее все же решил записать.

Как пользоваться индикатором RSI?

Шкала индикатора показывает значения от 0 до 100, значит:

  • Чем больше линия подходит к 0, тем слабее становится движение вниз;
  • Чем больше линия подходит к 100, тем слабее становится движение вверх;

Отсюда следует сделать вывод — если цена становится слабой, и вероятнее всего в ближайшее время развернется, значит следует купить соответствующий опцион. По задумке создателя индикатора, оптимальными моментами для открытия сделок являются значения 30 и 70:

  • Значение RSI менее 30 — перепроданность;
  • Значение RSI более 70 — перекупленность;

Многие трейдеры меняют эти значения на 20 и 80. Если хотите можете сделать то же самое в настройках индикатора. В этом случае сигналы на покупку опционов будут еще более надежными, но опять же, их будет значительно меньше.

перекупленность и перепроданность нат рынке

Индикатор stochastic rsi

Использовать RSI как отдельный инструмент я бы вам не рекомендовал, ведь для более точных сигналов его можно совместить с другими индикаторами, например со стохастиком RSI. В отличии от обычного стохастика, который я уже описывал в одной из статей, RSI версия лучше подходит для торговли на таймфрейме в 5 минут и более. В то время как базовый индикатор, из-за повышенной скорости реагирования, лучше применять в турбоопционах.

stochastic rsi

MACD и RSI

Следующий тандем, который пользуется большой популярностью у трейдеров — это индикатор MACD, совмещенный с RSI. Следуя сигналам сразу двух индикаторов, вы будете совершать гораздо большее количество положительных сделок. MACD будет указывать вам на подходящий момент покупки опциона, в то время, как RSI послужит отличным подтверждением этого сигнала.

MACD RSI

Настройка индикатора RSI

Настраивается индикатор очень просто — кликните по шестеренке в окошке, и перед вами откроется форма настроек. По умолчанию период установлен на 14 дней. Без особой нужды, менять этот параметр я не рекомендую, как и цену, по которой будет строиться линия RSI (по умолчанию стоит цена закрытия «close»).

настройка RSI

Перейдя по вкладке стилей, вы сможете поменять цвет и толщину линии, а также настроить диапазон закрашенной области. По стандарту установлены параметры 30 и 70, но вы их можете поменять на любые другие, как вам будет удобнее.

Индикатор rsi (Relative Strength Index): 13 комментариев

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